Landscape architecture encompasses the art, planning, design, management, preservation and rehabilitation of the land and the design of human-made constructs, that is, the stewardship of the natural and built environments. A variety of often interwoven specializations exist within the discipline, including the following: Landscape Design, the historical core of the discipline, is concerned with detailed outdoor space design for residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, and public spaces.
It involves the treatment of a site as art, the balance of hard and soft surfaces in outdoor and indoor spaces, the selection of construction and plant materials, infrastructure such as irrigation, and the preparation of detailed construction plans and documents. The site planning and design of projects can involve designing the land specifically in terms of the orderly, efficient, aesthetic and ecologically sensitive integration of man-made objects with a site’s natural features including topography, vegetation, drainage, water, wildlife and climate. Sensitive design produces development that minimizes both environmental impacts and project costs, and adds value to a site.
- To produce landscape architects who are capable of designing the built environment of neighborhoods, towns and cities while also protecting and managing the natural environment, from its forests and fields to rivers and coasts. Members of the profession have a special commitment to improving the quality of life through the best design of places for people and other living things.